Oversize Load Escorts State Regulations
While information contained herein is obtained from government sources, it may not be current, complete or accurate.
You must contact state transportation authorities before moving your load in this state.
Home

About

Contact

Services

General Information for carriers and Pilot cars

ESCORT

A vehicle used as a forward or rear warning device to the general public, required for certain over dimensional or over weight loads, also referred to as flag or pilot cars.

PROPER ESCORT PROCEDURES AND RESPONSIBILITIES

The over dimensional load driver is responsible for the overall movement of the load. Escort drivers should enhance the movement by properly performing their assigned duties. It is important to remember that the over dimensional load driver and the escort(s) function as a team. Each person must contribute his skills and complete attention to accomplishing the safe movement of the load. Escorts drivers are not merely "JUST ALONG FOR THE RIDE". Constant alertness is necessary to anticipate and avoid problems.

Escort drivers have specific tasks to perform during each phase of the over dimensional load movement.

A summary of the procedures that should be followed before, during, and after the movement is given.

A. Before the Trip Begins.

When escort services are required, the over dimensional load operator and the escort driver(s) should arrange for an appropriate safe place to meet off the roadway and discuss various aspects of the move. Specific items that must be covered include:

The escort driver(s) should ask the over dimensional load operator to review the permit for any special requirements or instructions; and he should ask for a copy of the permit to carry in his vehicle to work from. There may be certain restrictions on the permit and provision sheets that may be helpful to both driver and escort driver.

DO NOT WORK OFF A PIECE OF PAPER OR NOTE PAD WITH THE ROUTES WRITTEN ON. GET A COPY OF THE VEHICLE PERMIT FROM YOUR DRIVER FIRST THEN MAKE YOUR NOTES.

The routing prescribed on the permit should be carefully reviewed to make sure the directions are understood by everyone involved with the move. It is essential that everyone clearly understand the routes that must be followed during the move.

The position of each escort vehicle, i.e., front escort, etc. should be determined.

Mandatory equipment required for the escort vehicle should be checked prior to beginning the move.

The sign should be mounted and secured, the vehicle mirrors should be properly adjusted, and the vehicle lights should be turned on.

Chapter 6(F) of the National Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD) issued by the United States Dept. of Transportation Federal Highway Administration (1988) and AASHTO (American Association of State Highway Transportation Officials) requires a pilot car escort vehicle shall carry the following items of equipment at all times when escorting an extra-legal vehicle or load:

SAFETY REGULATIONS AND EQUIPMENT-This also applies to SASHTO, NETC, & WASHTO:

1. Operable two-way electronic communications.

2. Two 5-pound or one 10 pound fire extinguishers.

3. STOP and GO paddle (18" with 6" letters).

4. Safety orange vest, shirt or jacket.

5. Red hand-held flag (18" in size).

6. Two oversized load banners (yellow/black lettering).

7. Hard hat (no color specified).

8. Reflecting triangles or 18" traffic cones.

9. Additional equipment recommended, but not mandated:

a. Hand-held two-way electronic communications.

b. Flares.

c. Map (s).

d. Height Indicator. (Height pole mounted on front of escort

     vehicle.)

B. Authority of Escort Drivers.

The purpose of the escort vehicle and driver is to enhance the safety of moving over dimensional loads by highway and to reduce delays and inconveniences to the normal flow of traffic. Escort drivers do not have police powers to direct or control traffic and they should never wear clothing that might lead to their being mistaken for police officers. The escort driver must not operate a vehicle as an emergency vehicle, police, fire, rescue squad, etc. This requirement does not apply to official police escorts.

PURPOSE OF AN ESCORT DRIVER

Enhance the safety of the traveling public;

Enhance the safety of the people involved in the movement of the over dimensional load;

Prevent damage to the highway system;

Prevent damage to the load being transported;

Reduce undue delay to the normal flow of traffic;

Assure that industries safe transportation record will continue;

Prevent increases in insurance costs;

Provide security from costly damage suits;

Encourage uniform escort operations.

We will update these regulations as often as practical but make no warranties as to their accuracy or completeness. 
It is your responsibility to confirm with the appropriate agencies that your load is in compliance with local laws.

 

\ \ SASHTO     (see also)

SOUTHEASTERN ASSOCIATION OF STATE HIGHWAYS AND

TRANSPOTATION OFFICIALS AGREEMENT ON MULTI-STATES ON OVERSIZE OR OVERWEIGHT VEHICLES.

Member states as of January 23, 1996:

Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, Ohio, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia.

For information on a permit for an envelope vehicle, contact your regular state permit department through member states or commercial permit services.

ENVELOPE VEHICLE:

Not exceeding the following maximum limitations:

Length* - 100' 0" (combination overall length including all overhang); • 51' min. outer axle measurement;

Height -13' 6" (overall height):

Width -14' 0" (overall width including all overhang);

Weight: Overall GVW -120,000 lbs..; Single Axle -20,000 lbs..; Steering Axle -12,000 lbs..; Tandem Axle -40,000 lbs..; Axle Group (3 or more) 60,000lbs..

FOR VEHICLES EXCEEDING ABOVE ENVELOPE LIMITS INDIVIDUAL STATES. PERMITS MUST BE OBTAINED FROM EACH STATE PERMIT OFFICE OR YOUR COMMERCIAL

PERMIT SERVICE.

MULTI-STATE PERMIT

FOR NON DIVISIBLE OVERWEIGHT AND OVERSIZE MOVES WITHIN THE NEW ENGLAND TRANSPORTATION CONSORTIUM (NETC) INCLUDING MAINE, MASSACHUSETTES, NEW HAMPSHIRE, RHODE ISLAND AND VERMONT (Participating States). Multi-State permits may be obtained only for vehicles and loads falling within the size envelope limits as follows. Maximum Limits. Weight: 108,000 lbs.. on five axle units; 120,000 lbs. on six or more axle units. Attention: Note special axle weight and axle spacing requirements shown under NETC Envelope Vehicle Configuration. Length: 90’0” Height: 13’6” or less Width: 14’0” or less Weight: 108,000 lbs. on 5 axle units; 120,000 lbs. on 6 or more axle units. Additional 6”overhang for eaves on mobile and modular home components only is permissible.

FOR VEHICLES EXCEEDING ABOVE ENVELOPE LIMITS INDIVIDUAL STATE PERMITS MUST BE OBTAINED FROM EACH STATE PERMIT OFFICE OR A COMMERCIAL PERMIT SERVICE.

To obtain multi-state permits, contact state permits office in destination state. While traveling under all multi-state permits contact a commercial permit service or state police.

MULTI-STATE PERMITS: Definition: A multi-state permit is a permit authorizing movement of an over dimension non-divisible load into or through one or more of the 5 states participating in the agreement.

WASHTO   (see also)

WESTERN ASSOCIATION OF STATE HIGHWAY TRANSPORTATION OFFICIALS

WEIGHT: 160,000 lbs.. gross weight; LENGTH: 110' overall; WIDTH: 14'; HEIGHT: 14'

FOR ROUTINE PERMITTING QUESTIONS & STATE CONTACT YOUR STATE PERMIT DEPT. OF TRANSPORTATION.

SUNRISE AND SUNSET FORMULA

For every 9 miles, add or subtract 1 minute from sunrise and sunset if you are over 20 to 30 miles from the state capitol on the sunrise and sunset schedule, for each state traveled.

SUNRISE/SUNSET: The time designated the National Weather Service at which the sun can be seen on the horizon. Daylight hours are defined as 1/2 hour before sunrise and 1/2 hour after sunset.

Sunrise and sunset are considered to occur when the upper edge of the sun's disk appears to be exactly on the horizon. Tabular times in these tables are for an unobstructed horizon, with normal atmospheric conditions, on the Earth's surface in a level region.



Become a member and get a link to your site.
It's FREE

Over Size Load Escorts
 
Pilot Car
Photo courtesy of Intermountain Rigging and HeavyHaul